Coins from the Mandate Period

These are a few (essentially worthless) coins I picked up.

The first three are from the French Mandate of Syria. Lebanon had just been split from the territory and the two countries under French control became l'Etat de Syrie and 'Etat du Grand Liban. (The letter is "grand" because today's Lebanon includes some regions around the original Libanon as well.)

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And these are coins from the British Mandate of Israel/Palestine. (I don't know how they dealt with Iraq currency-wise.)

The currency was the Palestine Pound which was equal to the British Pound but was decimalised. Instead of 12 pence to the shilling and 20 shillings to the pound, the currency was subdivided into 1000 "mils" ("milim" in Hebrew). Note that 1 pound in 1942 was approximately the equivalent of 40-50 pounds today and hence 2 mils were a usable 10 New Pence.

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Bank notes existed as well (printed by a private bank in London) but I don't have any here.

A few years after independence the "Palestine Pound" was hebraised and became the "Israeli Lira" (with "lira" being the Italian word for "pound" used by the Ottoman Empire) and was then finally replaced by the (even more hebraised) Israeli Shekel (with "shekel" being the Hebrew word for a certain weight less than a pound) and the Israeli New Shekel.

Israeli Lira had the adorable socialist paradise look fashionable in the 1950s.

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The strong, happy labourer (with a moustache and otherwise clean-shaven, not religious) and the female farmer (also strong and happy) were now in power.

The obverse of the notes showed artefacts from Israelite history and the words "Bank of Israel" in Hebrew, Arabic and English.

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 © Andrew Brehm 2016