This entry is taken from my old blog and was originally written in 2009.
This is a continuation of “Introduction to Akkadian”.
abum (אבום): father; Hebrew - av (אב)
achum (אחום): brother; Hebrew - ach (אח)
ashatum (אשתום): wife; Hebrew - isha (אישה)
Note that in the construct form the Hebrew is ishath (אישת).
awatum (אוותום): word
banium (בניום): builder, maker; Hebrew - livnoth (לבנות): to build
beltum (בעלתום): lady, mistress; Hebrew - ba3ala (בעלה)
I am assuming that there is an Ayin missing between the "b" and the "l" in the Akkadian. Cuneiform could not represent pharyngeal consonants and/or those consonants might not have been used in Akkadian.
belum (בעלום): lord, master, owner; Hebrew - ba3al (בעל)
bishum (בישום): possession
darium (דריום): everlasting
dinum (דינום): judgment, legal case; Hebrew - din (דין)
ekallum (אקלום): palace
The book notes that this as a loan fom Sumerian "egal".
eli (עלי): on, upon; Hebrew - 3al (על)
elishu (עלישו): on it; Hebrew - 3alo (עלו)
eqlum (עקלום): field
I am going with Ayin here because the book notes that the original root was Het Quf Lamed (חקל). Ayin and Het are both pharyngeal consonants that Cuneiform apparently didn't represent correctly.
erreshum (ערשום): tenant farmer
(Again the root is given with a Het.)
ertsetum (ארצתום): earth; Hebrew - erets (ארץ)
The Akkadian form of the word is feminine with a final Taw.
eshemtum (עשמתום): bone
chulqum (חולקום): lost object
idum (אידום or עידום): arm, side
inum (עינום): eye; Hebrew - 3ayin (עין)
itti (איתי): with; Hebrew iti (איתי) = with me
ittishu (איתישו): with him; Hebrew - ito (איתו)
kalum (כלום): totality, entirety; Hebrew - kol (כול)
kanukkum (כנוכום): cylinder seal
Must have been the rage back then...
libbum (ליבום): heart, centre, middle; Hebrew - lev (לב)
Marduk (מרדוך): Marduk, one of the local gods
In the Hebrew Bible he is known as Merodakh (מרדך).
marum (מרום): son
matum (מתום): land
misharum (מישרום): justice
nidintum (נידינתום): gift
qatum (קתום): hand
qistum (קישתום): present, gift
re'utum (perhaps ראותום): shepherdship
ruba'um (רובאום): prince, noble
shechrum (שחרום): small
tsibtum (ציבתום): construct, interest (on capital)
shirum (שירום): exalted
I want to say that this is the same root as Hebrew "sarah" (שרה): "princess".
shaknum (שכנום): governor
shalshum (שלשום): one third; Hebrew - shlishi (שלישי)
shalushtum (שלושתום): one third (feminine)
shama'u (שמאו): sky, heavens; Hebrew - shamayim (שמים)
sharratum (שרתום): queen; Hebrew - sarah (שרה): princess
Note again that a He (ה) suffix denoted a Taw (ת) in the root. sharratum and sarah share the same root Sin/Shin Resh Taw (שרת) which is again a female version of the root Sin/Shin Resh (שר).
sharrutum (שרותום): kingship
shiprum (שיפרום): work
shabtum (שבתום): seat, dwelling
shulmum (שולמום): wholeness, health; Hebrew - shalam (שלם): complete
shumum (שומום): name, offspring; Hebrew - shem (שם)
shuqurum (שוקורום): very costly, previous
tuppum (טופום): clay tablet
Now I notice that emphatic t is marked with a dot in the book.
u (ו): and; Hebrew - w (ו)
zerum (זרום): seed
zittum (זיתום): share of property